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'''Publius Vergilius Maro''' (; October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called '''Virgil''' or '''Vergil''' in English, was an ancient Rome|ancient Roman poet of the Augustan literature (ancient Rome)|Augustan period. He is known for three major works of Latin literature, the ''Eclogues'' (or ''Bucolics''), the ''Georgics'', and the Epic poetry|epic ''Aeneid''. A number of minor poems, collected in the ''Appendix Vergiliana'', are sometimes attributed to him. Virgil is traditionally ranked as one of Rome's greatest poets. His ''Aeneid'' has been considered the national epic of ancient Rome from the time of its composition to the present day. Modeled after Homer's ''Iliad'' and ''Odyssey'', the ''Aeneid'' follows the Trojan War|Trojan refugee Aeneas as he struggles to fulfill his destiny and arrive on the shores of Italy—in Roman mythology the founding act of...
Pseudonym|birth_name = Publius Vergilius Maro
Birth dateOctober 15, 70 BC
Birth placeVirgilio, Lombardy|Near Mantua,Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World, ed. Roberts, John, (Oxford: OUP, 2005) Cisalpine Gaul, Roman Republic
Death dateSeptember 21, 19 BC (age 50)
Death placeBrundisium, Italy (Roman Empire)|Italy, Roman Empire
NationalityRoman Empire|Roman
Period| genre = Epic poetry, didactic poetry, pastoral poetry
Subject| movement = Augustan poetry
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